The paper is a written unit, which can be found mainly at primary and secondary schools, to a lesser extent at high schools. It is a text that informs about a certain issue, usually more or less specified in the assignment. It should be written in writing, formally, although no deep knowledge of the topic is usually expected – the formulations should always be adapted to the reader to whom the paper is intended (if read by classmates, or read in front of classmates, it can be written freely, if it is only for the teacher, he should have a deeper expertise.
The topic is the key to the paper. In some cases, a specific and precisely specified one is strictly defined, while at other times the student has more freedom in a wide-ranging issue. The more freely the topic is specified, the more advantageous it is for the author of the paper – it makes it easier to adapt the overall text to its needs and to the sources from which it can draw.
As far as resources are concerned, they should (as with any other work) be listed in the bibliography and, if the school so requires, continually cited in the text, for example using numerical references or footnotes. It is true that the more resources are combined in the paper, the better – each point of view can be different and the result will be more complex. However, it is not desirable to rewrite long passages from books, on the contrary, the purpose of the paper is to learn how to work with literature, identify the most important, compare different views of things, etc.
The particular parts that the paper should consist of are similar to any other school work – there should be an introduction, a main story and a conclusion. The title should be sufficiently concise, interesting, and above all, it must reflect the true content of the text – so it is better to formulate the title only when we know what we have been doing in the text and what we have arrived at.
The text of the paper itself should have a logical structure – it should start with an introduction to the issue, emphasize the topicality or meaning of the topic, continue with the analysis of the problem and end with a conclusion in which all relevant matters will be summarized. It is appropriate to divide the text into paragraphs that divide the topic into several separate logical units – one paragraph should always be devoted to one idea.